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AS AN AID TO APPRECIATION AND UNDERSTANDING OF THE BIBLE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS
"Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the value of circumcision?
Much in every way. To begin with, the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God."
Romans 3:1-2.
[This began when Abraham's descendants became a nation under Moses so that Holy Scripture could be preserved, master copies being kept with the covenant ark.]
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But at the end of
their Babylonian Exile

God's message to Daniel was:
שׁבעים שׁבעים נחתך  על־עמך ועל־עיר
"Seventy Weeks [sevens] are decreed about your people [Israel] and your holy city [Jerusalem]..."
from the command to rebuild until . . .
But  this  decreed–time  for  Israel  is  still  as  yet  incomplete  (Revelation 11:2,3; 12:6,12,14).

Daniel 9:24-27 (490-years).
At the termination of which Daniel's prayer/petition will have been
completely fulfilled!
It should be clear that
this has
not yet happened!
 
See:
The Hidden Time
 
See:
Terminal Sequence
This Scripture
in Daniel makes it very clear that the restoration of Israel and Jerusalem, in fulfillment of Daniel's inspired petition, will not happen until this divinely 'decreed' period of 490-years ends;
and when it ends, and only then, his petition will be answered in full.
The
No restoration of Israel
until
that 'decreed'
is completed!
length of this prophesied period is derived from Israel's length of Exile, but that in itself was not arbitrary in length.
Their Babylonian Exile's length was based on the period of their continued disobedience to God's law represented in their not having given their Land its seventh-year agricultural-sabbath for 490-years, so eventually they owed their Land 70-years of back-sabbaths. As the Bible itself says –
“[Nebuchadnezzar] took into exile in Babylon those who had escaped from the sword,
and they became servants to him and to his sons until the establishment of the kingdom of Persia,
to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its Sabbaths.
All the days that it lay desolate it kept Sabbath, to fulfill seventy years."
2 Chronicles 36:20-21.
So this
(then future) additional 490-years, that were required to fulfil Daniel's earnest petition, begins from the Persian command to rebuild Jerusalem (Daniel.9:25), but then should have long ago been completed in the glory of a kingdom no less than that of David,
under a messiah about 3½-years after the death of Jesus, but it did not happen!
 
 
It should be obvious that Daniel's petition is not yet fulfilled, and therefore
(taking into account the New Testament's statements about the Hidden Time which interrupted the completion of this 490-year set-period)
this period of Israel's expectation has not yet concluded!
This accounts
for the repeated statements in the completing book of Holy Scripture about a fixed period at the end referred to variously as 3½-years, or 42-months, or 1260-days, and which ends with Christ's return, in which, and not before,
Israel and Jerusalem will then be fully restored, for which Daniel had so earnestly prayed (Daniel 9:1-19).
Revelation
11:2,3; 12:6; 13:5.
Very sadly
however, Jewish rabbinical teaching turns this message of God completely upon its head.
BUT
Messiah
did not come
in
70 AD/CE
or
114 AD/CE
or in
130 AD/CE
These
Fiddling History
490-years are presented in rabbinic teaching as including Daniel's past 70-years of his Babylonian Exile, plus then 420-years to make up the '490' supposedly ending with Roman Emperor Vespasian's destruction of Jerusalem and its temple (JJ Slotki, 1970:77). But their '420-years' simply does not fit history (from 586BC/BCE to 70AD/CE = 656-years, not '490'), yet more importantly, the whole purpose of this revelation to Daniel of the 490-year delay (from the end of Jeremiah's prophesied seventy-year-exile) is God's answer to his earnest petition regarding the ultimate FULL restoration of his nation (Daniel 9:3-19).
This continued
twisting of Holy Scripture to fit a convenient viewpoint, which then makes the purpose of the holy revelation of none effect, is the reason for Christ's anger against the Jewish religious teachers of His own day, and it has not changed.
This Time-Line
has been constructed from many sources with the underlying assumption that
historical and chronological references in the Bible, in their original form, are true and accurate.
 
The earliest
period (covered by Genesis 1 to 11) gives us a stylised genealogy (10–10) astride the unique Flood/Global Tsunami, leading to Abraham and his covenant family (Gen. 5 & 10). This stylisation of Abraham's genealogy is to be understood as a pre-Mosaic memorization scheme (similar to Matthew 1:17) rather than as a chronology, for the reasons that are self-evident (see Table 1).
 
This
Time-Line also covers the so-called inter-Testamental period, particularly relevant in the application of Daniel's prophecy regarding the Macedonian-Syrian period (Daniel 8, 10 & 11) and as a prelude to the New Testament Roman period.
 
 
The Time-Line also extends, beyond Bible history, through the Christian era to the present day, as a prelude toward the final fulfillment of the Bible's prophecies of Israel. In addition, this summary history includes aspects that only bear very indirectly on the the descendants of Isaac in order to give as well-rounded an understanding of historical developments involving them as is possible.
 
It
is here appropriate to see this through the eyes of the apostle Paul in his perspective on Jewish history, as he expressed it in Romans 9 to 11. Regarding which he breaks out into awe-filled praise for God's wisdom in the management of all these things, both good and evil, to fulfil His glorious and gracious purposes in human history.
 
Yet this
peon of praise contains not one word about salvation, grace, mercy, love, or any moral quality at all, for that is not its focus.
It is God's wisdom demonstrated in His strategic superintendence of human history which alone provokes the words –
 

'OH, THE DEPTH OF THE RICHES,
BOTH OF THE WISDOM AND KNOWLEDGE OF GOD!
HOW UNSEARCHABLE ARE HIS JUDGMENTS
AND UNFATHOMABLE HIS WAYS!
FOR FROM HIM AND THROUGH HIM AND TO HIM ARE ALL THINGS.
TO HIM BE THE GLORY FOREVER. AMEN.'

Romans 11:33, 36
  May your heart see this also!  
Following
the Bible's scheme then, we begin with a background outside of known chronology, namely Abraham's ancestry. This genealogy of Abraham (Genesis 5 & 11), in addition to it's 10:10 stylised structure, is shown in Table 1 with any significant known textual variations.
 
 
This genealogical table compares the data in –
the Massoretic Hebrew text 
– the Jewish rabbinic text on which most of our Genesis versions today are principally based
Jewish historian Josephus' text (1) 
– the common version of his text
Josephus' revised text (2) 
– the recovered version by John C Winston
the Samaritan text 
– the pre-Christian Hebrew text of Genesis in the paleo-Hebrew script used by the Samaritans
the Septuagint text 
– the pre-Christian Jewish translation into Koiné or Common Greek
  (the lingua franca of the time in the Eastern Mediterranean and ancient Near East)
See:
Restructured
Genesis Text
Josephus
is included because he claims to have received the sacred scrolls from Roman Emperor Titus at the destruction of Jerusalem's Temple in 70 AD/CE, which implies his access to the Temple's 'master copy/copies' of Genesis and therefore his references to Patriarchal data must also be taken into account.
 
The
reliability of the Massoretic text is sometimes accorded almost divine status. This ought not to be so, as the next page will indicate. Even the prophet Jeremiah accused the Scripture copyists of his own time of serious corruption of the text –
 
"How can you say,
We are wise, and the Law of the Lord is with us'? But behold,
the lying pen of the scribes has made it into a lie."
Jeremiah 8:8
 
There were obviously differing motives in these less than faithful scribes over the many centuries, but one such motive was to mistakenly protect the dignity of God. Another was to diffuse God's criticism or rebuke of their own nation.
See:
Scribal Falsification
Yet,
taking into account the Pilgrimage of Israel, the degree of accuracy in their transmission of the sacred text is unparalleled in human history.
In spite of Israel's amply illustrated unbelief and rebellion, Paul was right when, in the light of the just impartiality of God, the apostle wrote:
 
 
"Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the benefit of circumcision? Great in every respect.
First of all, that
they were entrusted with the oracles of God What then?
If some did not believe, their unbelief will not nullify the faithfulness of God, will it?"
Romans 3:1-3
Yet,
although Jeremiah justly accused the Scribes of his time of manipulating the sacred text, unfortunately many biblical scholars of Church history have gone even further than this.
 
 
It became fashionable in theological circles from about the early 19th century of Christian history to analyse the postulated motives of the anonymous writers and editors of Holy Scripture so as to treat the Old Testament as simply a collection of religious myths in the development of Israel's national consciousness, and this while daring to still be called 'Christian' (a real lack of integrity) and in complete disregard of the New Testament's own statement in 2 Peter, that even the direct personal experience of the Apostles of Christ themselves is less reliable than the objective truth of the written Word of God –
See:
Use of the Old Testament/
T'nach in the Early Church
 
"...we ourselves [Peter, James, and John] heard this very Voice borne from Heaven,
for we were with Him on the holy mountain
[the transfiguration of Jesus]. –
And we have something more sure [than this personal experience] ,
the prophetic Word, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place,
until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts,
knowing this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture comes from someone's own interpretation.
For no prophecy
[inspired word of Holy Scripture] was ever produced by the will of man,
but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.
"
2 Peter 1:18-21 ESV
But today:
cursed be the rabbis who feed a nationalistic-racial religion and use the Holy Scriptures of God to justify continuing sin against the Palestinians . . .

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