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– data subject to continuing refinement –
Ninth Jubilee Year c.968
See Leviticus 25.
967
2nd Month (April/May): King SOLOMON begins to build the Temple 480 years after the Exodus (1 Kings 6:1).
Israel Year 489 960
8th Month: In Jerusalem – SOLOMON completes the Temple in Jerusalem (1 Kings 6:38) and places the Ark of the Covenant in its Most Holy Place, but
"There was nothing in the ark except the two tablets of stone that Moses put there at Horeb, where the LORD made a covenant with the people of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt." (1 Kings 8:9).
"There was nothing in the ark except the two tablets that Moses put there at Horeb, where the LORD made a covenant with the people of Israel, when they came out of Egypt." (2 Chronicles 5:10).
Jerusalem Temple completed


See:
Ron Wyatt's lies
about the Ark, with
Seventh Day Adventism corrupting complicity
c.950
On Gibraltar (Calpe) – The Phoenicians establish a maritime colony.
943
In Egypt – SHESHONK I (great chief of the Libyan Meshwesh) becomes pharaoh, founding dynasty 22 (known as Bubastite from their residence at Bubastis/Tell Basta according to scribe Manetho).
Sheshonk later brags of his defeat of the 'Mitanni' and claims to have conquered the sites below.
(Jerusalem is shown in brackets as it is not listed)
(Or 930 BC/BCE) 931
In Jerusalem – King SOLOMON dies
REHOBOAM his son becomes king, and the nation of Israel divides into two kingdoms:
in the North, the kingdom of  – 
Israel,  under JEROBOAM
in the South, the kingdom of  – 
Judah,  under REHOBOAM
AZARIAH is High Priest in Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 6:10).
The
Gezer Calendar (discovered 1908 in excavations of the ancient Canaanite city of Gezer) inscribed in ancient Hebrew/Phoenician on soft limestone describes monthly or bi-monthly duty periods and attributes such as harvest, planting, or tending specific crops.
It reads as follows with the name of the scribe at the end –
Two months gathering   September-October Gezer calendar
Two months planting   November-December
Two months late sowing   January-February
One month cutting flax   March
One month reaping barley   April
One month reaping and measuring (grain)   May
Two months pruning   June-July
One month summer fruit   August
Abijah   
Agricultural Calendar
found at Gezer
  924
Pharaoh SHESHONK I (SHISHAK) of Egypt with 1,200 chariots and 60,000 horsemen, plunders Jerusalem (kingdom of Judah, in the 5th year of Rehoboam's rule), taking away the gold of SOLOMON's Temple and of the king's palace, in support of his ally JEROBOAM of the kingdom of Israel. (Alternate dates range from 945 to 929 BC)
1 Kings 14:25-26;
2 Chron.12:1-12.
Tenth Jubilee Year c.919
See Leviticus 25.
Queen Jezebel's seal
Queen Jezebel's seal
(wife of King Ahab)
The seal is in the ‘Israel Antiquities Authority Collection’ of the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, which vouches for its authenticity.
  c.915
Mesopotamia is utterly devastated by a long drought which leads to an almost complete breakdown of civil authority.
Many God-fearing Israelites of the northern kingdom of Israel migrate to the kingdom of Judah (2 Chron.15:9).
  c.911
The conquest of ABIJAH.
  c.900
The military campaign of ZERAH the Ethiopian. (2 Chronicles 16:8).
  c.885
The war between BAASHA of Israel and ASA of Judah. (1 Kings 15:22).
  883
In Nineveh, Assyria – King ASSHURNASIRPAL II begins to reign.
882
Tirzah is Israel's capital.
OMRI conquers ZIMRI, becomes king of Israel (1 Kings 16:16), and makes Samaria his capital. (1 Kings 16:15-28).
He renews relations with Tyre through the marriage of their Jezebel with his son Ahab, and with Judah through the marriage of his granddaughter Athaliah (2 Kings 8:26) to their Jehoram.
Eleventh Jubilee Year c.870
ELIJAH of Tishbeh, from the settlers in Gilead, prophesies against AHAB.
Stele of Mesha, king of Moab commemorating his victory over Israel after the death of Ahab,  kept at the Louvre in Paris.
Commemorative stele of Mesha, king of Moab, ascribing his victory over Israel to the god Chemosh, after the death of his overlord Ahab. It also contains the earliest reference to God as YHWH (line 18).
858
In Nineveh, Assyria – King SHALMANESER III begins to reign.
855
King BEN-HADAD I of Syria besieges king AHAB of Israel in Samaria but fails.
The wars of Israel and Judah against Syria (Aram) give Moab the opportunity to revolt against Israel (See the Mesha stele opposite).
854
AHAB defeats Syria in the Jarmuk valley and imposes the Aphek treaty.
c.853
AMARIAH is High Priest in the reign of JEHOSHAPHAT (2 Chronicles 19:11).
In Qarqar (Ḳarḳar/modern Tell Qarqur) near the Orontes River – The army of Assyria under SHALMANESER III fights the 'twelve-kings' (Akkadian term for 'alliance) under BENDADAD II of Syria and AHAB of Israel without a decisive result.
 
In Israel – AHAB's daughter ATHALIAH marries JEHORAM (King JEHOSHAPHAT's son) of Judah.
851
BENHADAD of Syria defeats the allied forces of Israel and Judah at Ramoth-Gilead. AHAB is killed.
850
JEHORAM, son of AHAB king of Israel, launches a campaign against Moab to reconquer the rebel province. He is supported by JEHOSHAPHAT of Judah (coregent with his son JEHORAM). Their forces approach via Edom south of the Dead Sea, and are joined by some warriors from Edom. They overpower the Moabite army, lay siege to the city of Kir-hareseth, but are not able to force a surrender and so retreat. (2 Kings 3:8)
 
An allied Ammonite-Edomite-Moabite force invades Judah via Engedi (probably crossing the Dead Sea at the ford opposite Masada). King JEHOSHAPHAT calls a fast and leads his people in prayer for God's help.
The Levite JAHAZIEL is anointed by the Spirit and prophesies –
"Listen, all Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem and King Jehoshaphat:
Thus says the LORD to you, 'Do not be afraid and do not be dismayed at this great horde, for the battle is not yours but God's.
Tomorrow go down against them. Behold, they will come up by the ascent of Ziz.
You will find them at the end of the valley, east of the wilderness of Jeruel. You will not need to fight in this battle.
Stand firm, hold your position, and see the salvation of the LORD on your behalf, O Judah and Jerusalem.
' Do not be afraid and do not be dismayed.
Tomorrow go out against them, and the LORD will be with you."
(2 Chronicles 20:15-17).
The invaders turn upon each other, and Judah collects the spoils from among their corpses. In consequence Judah builds forts on the summits between Masada and Engedi.
842
JEHU revolts and becomes Israel's king, bringing an end to the Omrid dynasty and the death of king AHAZIAH of Judah.
The murder of JEZEBEL (daughter of the king of Tyre) ends Israel's close ties with Tyre.
Mount Carmel (Baal-rosh, 'head of Baal') is now the border between Tyre and Israel.
In Palestine – A Jewish Sabbath Year for the land.
'Baal-rosh' as name for the top of Carmel indicates the prevalence of Baal worship, and why Elijah chose this particular site for his challenge to the prophets of Baal.
841
Assyria (under SHALMANESER III) attacks Aram-Damascus (under King HAZAEL).
SHALMANESER sets up a statue of himself on 'Baal-rosh' [head of Baal] at the coast (Mount Carmel).
c.840
YONADAB (Jehonadab) Ben Rekab is invited by JEHU to see his zeal for God in destroying the Baal priesthood.
(His descendants the Rekabites are still faithful to God and to the command of their ancestor Yonadab 250-years later, to remain forever as nomads and drink no wine, as later cited by the prophet Jeremiah in chapter 35).
c.830
High Priest JEHOIADA is regent of Judah for child-king JOASH (son of AHAZIAH), who was saved from Queen ATHALIAH by the high priest's wife, JEHOSHEBA.
 
   
"And Jehoash [Joash] said to the priests, All the money of the hallowed things that is brought into the House of Yahweh, in current money, the money of the persons for whom each man is rated, and all the money that it comes into any man's heart to bring into the House of Yahweh, let the priests take it to them, every man from his acquaintance; and they shall repair the breaches of the House, wheresoever any breach shall be found."
See: Temple – Joash

2 Kings 12:4-5.
  In
Palestine – The Philistine city of Gath (modern Tel el-Safi Palestinian village which is now a national park) is destroyed by Aramean (Syrian) king HAZAEL –
"At that time Hazael king of Syria went up and fought against Gath and took it."
2 Kings 12:17
   
The prophet JOEL prophesies.
Twelfth Jubilee Year c.820
See Leviticus 25.
  806
Assyria (under ADAD-NIRARI III) attacks Aram-Damascus, relieving their pressure on Israel (2 Kings 13:5).
Tribute is paid to Assyria by the Philistines, Israel, Tyre and Sidon.
800
In Britain the Iron Age begins.
  786
AMAZIAH king of Judah conquers Edom.
JOASH (son of JEHOAHAZ), king of Israel, plunders Jerusalem and the Temple, asserting Israel's dominance over Judah (2 Kings 14:11).
In Palestine – A Jewish Sabbath Year for the land.
  c.780
JONAH the prophet, from Gath-Hepher in Zebulun, warns Nineveh (2 Kings 14:2; Jonah 1-4). The Nineveh which JONAH warned was composed of four cities surrounded by one defensive wall: Kouyunjik, Nimrud, Karamles and Khorsabad, possibly under Emperor Shalmaneser IV .
Thirteenth Jubilee Year c.771
See Leviticus 25.
  767
King AMAZIAH dies and his son UZZIAH (AZARIAH) becomes sole ruler of Judah.
  765
Plague ravages the Near East (Ellison 1969:62).
In Palestine – A Jewish Sabbath Year for the land.
  763
June 15: Total eclipse of the sun, recorded in an Assyrian limmu list q.e.
"Bur-Sagale of Guzana, revolt in the city of Ashur. In the month Simanu an eclipse of the sun took place."
See: World Weather
760-745
Prophetic ministry of AMOS.
Great earthquake, causing general panic and flight, that is remembered for many generations afterwards (Amos 1:1; Zechariah 14:5).
 c.759
See Leviticus 25.
c.755-722
Ministry of the prophet HOSEA
751
UZZIAH violates the Temple Sanctuary, is struck with skin disease, quarantined, relieved of responsibilities, and his son JOTHAM rules in his place.
AZARIAH is high priest.
In Palestine – A Jewish Sabbath Year for the land.
c.750-720
Ministry of the prophet MICAH.
744
In Nineveh, Assyria – King TIGLATH-PILESER III begins to reign.
 c.743
JEROBOAM II, king of Israel, dies.
743-739
Judah has three crowned kings at one time: UZZIAH, JOTHAM, his son AHAZ as vice-regent.
JOTHAM builds the Upper Gate of the Temple.
2 Chronicles 27:3.
  738
TIGLATH-PILESER III of Assyria occupies Philistia, and invades Israel, imposing on it a heavy tribute (2 Kings 15:19; see 727 BC).
  739
UZZIAH, king of Judah, dies,
ISAIAH's ministry begins (Isaiah 6:1).
c.736
AHAZ becomes king of Judah and corrupts the people.
He reinstitutes infant sacrifice to Baal (2 Chronicles 28:2-4).
 
King REZIN of Syria attacks AHAZ and deports many people of Judah to Damascus (2 Chronicles 28:5).
King AHAZ
does not believe ISAIAH's family-prophecy of Judah's future deliverance and warning (Isaiah 7:1-8:10), containing its carefully structured dual significance (Isaiah 7:14-17; 8:2-8, 14; 9:1...) written for later generations, by Isaiah and his disciples (Isaiah 8:16).
 
See:
The 'virgin' prophecy
"But there will be no gloom for her who was in anguish.
In the former time He brought into contempt the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali,
but in the latter time
[of Messiah] He has made glorious the way of the sea
the land beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the nations/Gentiles.
The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light;
those who dwelt in a land of deep darkness, on them has light shined."
(Isaiah 9:1-2)
See:
The Hidden Time
Note:
In Isaiah 11:1 the word translated 'Branch/Rod/Shoot' (NêTSeR, נצר) is secondarily a phonetic code (hidden) that God's Messiah/Christ would be of Nazareth ('NaTSaRet'). This is coded to hide the place of His natural human development so that later Jewish scribes could not betray His boyhood-days to a second Herod as they did of His birth in 5 BC/BCE at Bethlehem as had been prophesied in Micah 5:2, but which His disciples would then only later understand in hindsight.
See
Matthew 2:23.
After
a devastating battle with Israel in which Judah loses 120,000 men in one day, 200,000 people of Judah are led captive as slaves to Samaria capital of Israel.
Four leaders of Ephraim object to this however, feed and clothe the captives, and then return them to Judah via Jericho (2 Chronicles 28:8-15). Hallelujah!
   
AHAZ appeals to TIGLATH-PILESER of Assyria for help but is plundered by him instead (2 Chronicles 16-21) so –
AHAZ loots the Temple to buy him off.
 
AHAZ institutes Syriac religion in Jerusalem and closes down the Temple (2 Chronicles 28:22-24).
   
Ionian Greeks ('sons of Javan'/יון/Yaunā) attack the Phoenician coast (according to a letter of Tiglath-Pileser found at Nimrud/Kalhu/Calah).
Israel Year 716 733
Assyrians capture Gilead from Israel.
  728
AHAZ apparently deposed, HEZEKIAH governs in Judah.
  727
In Israel – King HOSHEA stops paying tribute to Assyria (See 738 BC). (2 Kings 17:4) and allies himself to Egypt in 725 BC.
  725
AHAZ dies, HEZEKIAH is sole ruler of Judah.
HOSEA and MICAH prophesy during this king's reign (Hoseah 1:1; Micah 1:1).
    HEZEKIAH re-opens the Temple, refurbishes and rededicates it.
Zadokite AZARIAH is high priest. (2 Chronicles 29:15-36).
Fourteenth Jubilee Year c.723
See Leviticus 25.
722-721
Samaria, capital of the northern kingdom (Israel), falls to Assyria. All skilled persons and leaders are deported to Assyria and foreigners are imported (2 Kgs.17:3-6,24). (From these the Samaritans are descended).
HEZEKIAH obeys MICAH's prophecy (Jeremiah 26:18,19).
  721
In Nineveh, Assyria – King SARGON II begins to reign.
 
Israel Year 735 714
The sun's shadow returns by ten steps/degrees on the palace stepped-sun-dial (built by King Ahaz) as a sign to King HEZEKIAH that God will –
1.   heal him of his life-threatening illness;
2.   add 15 years to his life; and,
3.   free his kingdom from the Assyrian threat against it, as prophesied by ISAIAH (2 Kings 20:1-11; Isaiah 38).
HEZEKIAH consequently writes psalms for use in the temple service, and appoints scribes to collect the sayings of SOLOMON which become part of Holy Scripture in the book of Proverbs.
See:
Isaiah 38:4-8,20;
Proverbs 25:1.
It is probable
that the 15 'Songs of Degrees' in our Psalms (Psalms 120 to 134) were first arranged as part of this commemoration of the '15-more-years prophecy' of Isaiah in which HEZEKIAH's own compositions are shown as ten anonymous psalms (for the ten-degree shadow-reversal sign given to him). (Isaiah 38:20).
(It is a Talmudic Pharisaic invention that they were named as songs sung in ascending to the Temple)
 c.709
See Leviticus 25.
Assyria's Sargon II palace bull
705
In Judah – HEZEKIAH begins preparations to withstand Assyria (2 Chronicles 32:28-30).
  704
In Nineveh, Assyria – King SENNACHERIB begins to reign.
  701
SENNACHERIB of Assyria invades Judah, conquers 46 towns, but the attack on Jerusalem itself is repulsed by God's angel (Isaiah 36-37;2 Kings 18-19).
In
Philistia – SENNACHERIB confirms the kingship of Ekron (modern Tel Miqne) to PADI son of Ysd, son of Ada, son of Yai'r.
Ekron now begins a period of economic growth that makes it the major olive oil exporter in this region.
698- In Judah – HEZEKIAH dies and MANASSEH is crowned king, and pays tribute/tax to kings ESARHADDON and ASHURBANIPAL of Assyria.
In
Anatolia – The kingdom of Lydia (Śfard) invents coinage in gold and silver (Herodotus I, 94) to facilitate trade.

Israel's Right to Canaan/Palestine The Victim Mentality Cycle


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