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Governors Ambivius  to Pontius Pilate
"The stone which the builders [of the nation] rejected is become the chief corner-stone.
 This is the LORD'S doing; it is marvellous in our eyes. This is the day which the LORD hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it.
Jewish Publication Society
translation of Psalm 118:22-24.
Prophecy of Jesus' Resurrection
excluding bracketed words.
  – subject to continuing refinement –
  10 AMBIVIUS becomes governor of Roman Judaea.
In Tarsus, Cilicia – SAUL (שאול התרסי‎, the future apostle Paul) is probably born about this time, and is registered with both Jewish (Saul) and Roman (Paul) citizenship.
A Sabbath Year 13
ANNIUS RUFUS (RIFINUS) is governor of Roman Judaea.
August 19: AUGUSTUS, first emperor of the Roman Empire (27 BC-AD 14) dies in Nola, near Naples, Italy (age 75).
September 17: TIBERIUS (Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus, born Tiberius Claudius Nero) formally succeeds his adoptive father AUGUSTUS as Roman emperor.
The Roman Senate appoints GERMANICUS to command their forces in Germania.
• ISHMAEL (son of PHABI I) is appointed as Jewish High Priest, in the place of ANNAS, when VALERIUS GRATUS becomes governor of Judaea.
VALERIUS GRATUS becomes governor of Roman Judaea.
coin of Roman Procurator Valerius Gratus 15 AD/CE
coin of Roman Procurator
Valerius Gratus 15 AD/CE
Emperor Tiberius
Emperor Tiberius
• ELEAZAR (son of ANNAS) replaces ISHMAEL as Jewish High Priest – by order of GRATUS.
• SIMON (son of CAMITHUS) replaces ELEAZAR as Jewish High Priest – by order of GRATUS.
An earthquake
shakes the Middle East destroying towns in Anatolia/Asia Minor, such as Ephesus, Sardis, and Philadelphia.
In Rome – GERMANICUS (brother of CLAUDIUS, father of CALIGULA), adopted heir of the Roman emperor TIBERIUS, is given special powers over all the governors of the eastern Roman provinces and installs ARTAXIAS as sovereign of Armenia.
TIBERIUS  appoints GNAEUS PISO governor of Syria as a counter-balance to GERMANICUS.
• JOSEPH CAIAPHAS (ANNAS' son-in-law) becomes Jewish High Priest – by order of GRATUS.
GERMANICUS conquers the kingdoms of Cappadocia and Commagene, turning them into Roman provinces.
In Antioch of Syria – Immensely popular GERMANICUS dies suddenly and there is suspicion in Rome that the governor of Syria, PISO, had arranged his death under instruction from jealous cousin TIBERIUS and chief imperial advisor SEJANUS.
In Rome – The emperor TIBERIUS has an image of Isis, an Egyptian deity with a growing cult in the Roman world, thrown into the River Tiber. The cult's priests are crucified.
A Sabbath Year c.20
In Rome – Emperor TIBERIUS expels 10,000 Jewish men from Rome because of the crimes of four Jewish con-men: 4000 are sent to the military in Sardinia to die of malaria and neglect, and 6000 are banished.
GNAEUS PISO, governor of Syria, returns to Rome where his alleged poisoning of GERMANICUS, adopted son and heir of the Roman emperor Tiberius, is investigated by the Senate; he commits suicide before a verdict is reached. GERMANICUS' widow, AGRIPPINA, suspects TIBERIUS of having engineered her husband's death.
PONTIUS PILATE (or Pontius Pilatus), a knight of the Samnite clan of the Pontii, is appointed governor of Judaea (Prefect – Praefectus Iudaea) through the intervention of SEJANUS, a favourite of emperor TIBERIUS.
Daniel 9:24-29.
  In Jerusalem – PILATE orders Roman military standards to be displayed in the city to which the soldiers would offer sacrifices. After five days of protest by the populace, PILATE agrees to remove the standards.
Caesarea (Caesarea Maritima) – PILATE later builds an imposing temple to TIBERIUS known as the Tiberium. (See June 1961 discovery).
Now ends Year-483 of the angel GABRIEL's prophecy to DANIEL of 490 years for the full restoration of Israel (ignoring the Hidden Time) –
from the Persian decree to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem       to Israel's Messiah/Anointed, given in answer to prayer, as described in the 9th chapter of his book.
Beginning the 1260-days of the first-half
of the Final Seven years in Dan.9.
c.October 20: In Judaea – JESUS of Nazareth is baptized by JOHN and, under instruction of the Holy Spirit, retreats into the Judean desert for prayer and to be tempted by Satan (Mark 1:12; Luke 4:1). (This is the 15th year of TIBERIUS according to the Syrian calendar).
Christ's Ministerial Training
"The Lord GOD has given Me the tongue of those who are taught, that I may know how to sustain with a word him who is weary. Morning by morning He awakens; He awakens My ear to hear as those who are taught."
Isaiah 50:4 (ESV)
So this day ends the 483-years of Daniel's prophecy concerning the coming of the Messiah (7x7 + 62x7) in Daniel 9:25-26.
The angel Gabriel had said to the prophet Daniel:
"Know, then, and understand that from the going out of a word to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem [Persian Decree],
to Messiah
(the) Prince, (shall be) seven sevens and sixty two sevens [483 years].
The street shall be built again, and the wall, even in times of affliction.
...Messiah shall be cut off, but not
(for) Himself. ...And He shall confirm covenant with the many for one seven.
And in the middle of the seven He
[dual significance, just as the sign-child of Isaiah 7:16] shall cause the sacrifice and the offering to cease [making the sacrifice of animals obsolete].
And on a corner (of the altar will be) abominations (that) desolate, even until the end.
And that which was decreed shall pour out on the desolator
[Antichrist]." (Daniel 9:25-27 Literal Translation).
under the Holy Spirit's anointing begins His ministry with the message –
    "The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand/near; repent and believe in the gospel/good news." Mark 1:15.
In Jerusalem
JESUS violently cleanses the Temple's Outer Court ('Court of the Gentiles') to protect its function as a place of prayer 'for all nations' (Isaiah 56:7).
John 2:13-16
  A reconstruction
of Herod's Jerusalem
by James Tissot
A Sabbath Year for the Land 27
The Roman emperor TIBERIUS retires to Capri, where he spends the last decade of his life.
He is saved from a landslide by SEJANUS, commander of the Praetorian Guard. SEJANUS thus becomes all-powerful in his influence.
Chronology of Christ's
Ministry to Israel
In Syria-Palestina – JESUS, the Christ of God, continues His teaching and healing in presenting the true character of God –
"...He went throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom and healing every disease and every affliction among the people. So His fame spread throughout all Syria (Syria-Palestina), and they brought Him all the sick, those afflicted with various diseases and pains, those oppressed by demons, epileptics, and paralytics, and He healed them.
And great crowds followed Him
from Galilee and the Decapolis, and from Jerusalem and Judaea, and from beyond the Jordan
Matthew 4:23-25.
PILATE takes money from the Temple treasury to build an aqueduct for Jerusalem. In reaction, Galilean nationalists (Zealots) are most prominent in the protest. PILATE's disguised troops slaughter them in the Temple courts during their protest.
HEROD ANTIPAS ruler of Galilee takes offence that his subjects are massacred without the acknowledgement of his jurisdiction over them (Luke 13:1-2). (This rift is healed in 30 AD when PILATE sends JESUS to HEROD because He comes from Galilee, Luke 23:12).
In Germania – Roman legions are transported by fleet to fortress of Flevum on the Rhine to operate against the rebellious Frisians, but the Frisians negotiate a treaty with the Romans at the River Rhine, avoiding conquest.
Martyrdom of John
c.August 29: In Machaerus, Peraea – King HEROD has JOHN the Baptist is beheaded at the request of the daughter of HERODIAS (Matthew 14:3-11).
The Romans capture Serdica (modern Sofia in Bulgaria), named after the Celtic tribe the Serdi.
In Galilee – Transfiguration of JESUS, as physical revelation of the kingdom of God resident in Him as a human being, and the appearance of MOSES and ELIJAH discussing His coming death with Him (Mark 9:1-13; Luke 9:28-36).
Malachi 4:4-5.
JESUS says to the Jewish leaders:  "All who came before Me are [spiritual] thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not listen to them."  
John 10:8

The 'cut it down' warning to Israel
warns His hearers that they are facing their last year to produce the fruit of faith in response to His ministry or be 'cut down' as a nation!
"...He told this parable:
'A man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard, and he came seeking fruit on it and found none.
And he said to the vinedresser, 'Look, for three years now I have come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and I find none.
Cut it down. Why should it use up the ground?'
And he answered him, 'Sir, let it alone this year also, until I dig around it and put on manure.
Then if it should bear fruit next year, well and good; but if not, you can cut it down'."
Israel faces
its last year before God.
Luke 13:6-9.
JESUS, in the Temple at the climax of the Feast of Tabernacles/Booths, publicly challenges the spiritually-'thirsty' to come to Him (in contrast to the Jewish water-pouring ceremony at the Altar on that day), with the promise that those who do will experience the same ministry of the Spirit through themselves (John 7:37-38).
In Europe – The Romans found the city of Tournai in Belgium.
Israel Year 1479
Roman year 784 AUC
Judaea, Palestine
Abib/Nisan 7, Friday 
March 31 
"Six days before Passover" JESUS returns from Jericho to Bethany to visit LAZARUS (whom He had raised from the dead) and his two sisters MARY and MARTHA. MARY anoints His feet with perfume, but JUDAS ISCARIOT complains of waste (John 12:1-8).
Nisan 9, Sunday 
April 2 
CHRIST's triumphal entry into Jerusalem to fulfil the Messianic Sign (Zech.9:9; see Matthew 21:1-17).
JESUS publicly laments from the back of the borrowed un-tamed young donkey as He rides into Jerusalem –
"For the days will come upon you [Jerusalem], when your enemies will set up a barricade around you and surround you
and hem you in on every side and tear you down to the ground, you and your children within you.
And they will not leave one stone upon another in you, because you did not know the
time* of your visitation."
Caiaphas gives his last official oracle/prophecy in the high priest office (John 11:49-52).
The report of this by John totally negates the Essene-theory of Christianity's origins, for the Essene's did not recognise the high priesthood at all.

Luke 19:43-44
* Ισκαριώτης (Iskariṓtēs)
meaning uncertain.
The split in this remaining 70th 'Week'/Seven of the 70 (years 483 to 490) of the angel Gabriel's prediction to Daniel (split at year 486½, with the Anointed cut-off: Christ crucified, *after 1260-days/3½-years of 'confirming' God's covenant to Israel) which now happens, had been completely hidden from Daniel and from all prophets (Eph.3:9) including John the Baptist (Matthew 11:3), thus catching Satan completely off-guard (who therefore enters Judas *Iscariot on Thursday evening to get Messiah killed, John 13:27).
This previously hidden split in the last seven years of these 490-years opens the way for God's kingdom in Christ to continue in His Church, which as His spiritual Body will then later complete the last 3½ of these seven years, beginning from when the "abomination that makes desolate" stands in the holy place (Israel's temple) given as the sign to Christ's disciples (Matthew 24:15), in 1260-days of heroic suffering-witness.
A Biblical Structure of History,
The Terminal Sequence.
Nisan 10, Monday April 3:  JESUS curses the fig tree; cleanses the Temple courts of commercial trading; heals the blind and lame, and children praise Him.
Matthew 21:14-16;
Mark 11.
[Caiaphas' long service as Jewish high priest may be evidence of his profitability to Sejanus and Pilate from lucrative temple trade].
Nisan 11, Tuesday 
JESUS' lesson of the fig-tree, His last public ministry, prophesies the Temple's destruction, gives Olivet prophecy to four disciples (Matthew 24; Mark.13; Luke 21.).
Tuesday Evening 
"Two days before Passover" JESUS dines in the home of Simon the Leper in Bethany where a woman pours expensive ointment over his head. JUDAS ISCARIOT now decides to betray JESUS. (Matthew 26:6-15; Mark 14:1-10).
Nisan 12, Wednesday 
Quiet day at Bethany (during which Judas colludes with the Jewish priesthood to betray Jesus).
Nisan 13, Thursday 
April 6: 
Passover preparation, the Meal (Passover/Pesach) and teaching. JUDAS leaves them to betray Him for 30 silver pieces (value of 120 days of a skilled labourer's wages). First day of Unleavened Bread (matza) (Matthew 26:17).
Satan now enters into Judas Iscariot in order to secure Christ's crucifixion (see John 13:27), thinking this would negate/defeat His messiahship, and not understanding the hidden prophecy of this in Isaiah 53 as applying to the Messiah, or of God's Hidden Time, as also did none of God's angels either (including Gabriel in his message to Daniel).
now encourages His faithful disciples with –
" have sorrow now, but I will see you again and your hearts will rejoice, and no one will take your joy from you." (John 16:22).
See: What Happened in Gethsemane?
conclude the Meal with a hymn (probably Psalm 118).

Jesus of Nazareth not only fulfilled every aspect of Israel's Sinai Covenant in His personal lifestyle, but the detail of His birth, life and death is the fulfilment of at least 70 prophecies of Israel's Holy Scriptures.
See: Listing of some prophecies
fulfilled in Jesus of Nazareth
14, Friday
April 7: 
After midnight they proceed under a full moon to Gethsemane to keep the prescribed Passover Vigil as God had commanded all Israel to keep.
 " this same night is a night of watching kept to the LORD by all the people of Israel throughout their generations." 
Exodus 12:42.
of Nazareth's arrest and subsequent five trials during the night (illegal)
1. Before Israel's High Priest
2. Before their Sanhedrin
3. Before Roman Procurator Pontius Pilate
4. Before King Herod Antipas
PILATE's recognition of HEROD's Galilean jurisdiction over JESUS reconciles them (Luke 23:6,7).
(Pilate's wife warns him against involvement in the trial of Jesus because of her dream that He is a righteous man, Matthew 27:19)
5. Before Pontius Pilate again
The Christ of God is flagellated...
En route to Golgotha for crucifixion, JESUS warns the mothers of Jerusalem of judgment coming on their city within a generation –
"...weep for yourselves and for your children. For..." (Luke 23:28-31).
(Fulfilled in 70 AD/CE)
"Chief Priests answered
'We have no king but Caesar'.
John 19:15

"And all the people answered, 'His blood be on us and on our children'."
Matthew 27:25

blue pinThe Christ's
Four Jerusalem Works
9 AM: JESUS is crucified naked beside the highway outside Jerusalem;
but He lifts Himself (on the spike through His feet) to speak aloud seven times:
Outside the city, according to the sin-offering instruction Ex.29:14.
1. Prayer for forgiveness of crucifying soldiers because of their ignorant action;
2. His care for His watching mother;
3. Assurance to the crucified thief who believed in Him
12 Noon
Darkness over all Judea

4. "My God... My God... Why have You Forsaken Me?"
(Christ's only unanswered prayer, for we are its answer)
5. "I thirst!"
"Yet it was the will of the LORD to crush Him;
He has put Him to grief;
when His soul makes an offering for guilt..."
Isaiah 53:10a
The Blood of the Christ
ended forever
the sacrificial validity
of the blood of animals!
So no temple sacrifice
and so no temple ministry forever! (Hebrews 8:13).
3 PM: 6. His shout of Completion!
7. "Father, into Thy hands I commend My spirit"
"For God so loved the world ['kosmos'] that He gave His only Son that whosever believes may not perish ..." John 3:16.
For God so loved ♥ the Afghans ♥ the Albanians ♥ the Algerians ♥ the Americans ♥ the Angolans ♥ the Arabs ♥ the Argentinians
♥ the Armenians ♥ the Australians ♥ the Austrians ♥ the Bangladeshis ♥ the Bermudans ♥ the Bolivians ♥ the Botswanans
  ♥ the Brazilians ♥ the British ♥ the Bulgarians ♥ the Cambodians ♥ the Cameroonians ♥ the Canadians ♥ the Chadians
  ♥ the Chileans ♥ the Chinese ♥ the Congolese ♥ the Cubans ...even the un-named, but all known to God, and loved – for their own sake!
At the Crucifixion site:  ♦  The reaction of the Roman crucifixion-squad to the events around the death of Jesus cause them to say that this was truly 'the Messiah' (Matt.27:54).
In Jerusalem's Temple:  ♦ 
The Sanctuary Veil is ripped open from top to bottom, before an empty Holy of Holies (exposing the fact of no Ark of Israel's Covenant).
"In this there was nothing at all. It was inaccessible and inviolable, and not to be seen by any; and was called the Holy of Holies."
[no 'ark of the covenant', See: Jewish priest Josephus in Jewish War, V, v, 5].
  The westernmost light/candelabra in the Sanctuary (that closest to the Veil) is also extinguished by this event, from Talmudic evidence.  
Pharisee Rabbi YOCHANAN BEN ZAKKAI is reported in the Jewish Talmud to have rebuked the Sanctuary for throwing open its great doors (Talmud Bavli, Yoma 39b) – probably caused by the same power of God which tore the holy Veil and extinguished its nearest candelabra.
The Jewish Talmud however understandably tries to attribute this physical disturbance to their Temple building's own 'anticipation' of its coming destruction 40-years later in the First Jewish War against the Romans.
Saturday Evening Nisan 15 
His mother MARY (Mariamne), MARY wife of Cleopas, SALOME, MARY of MAGDALA and other women, prepare spices to add some dignity to His hurried burial. (Hebrew inclusive-counting method means that the 'third-day' is the day-after-tomorrow. Ex.19:10-11; 1 Sam.20:12).
See: Jesus & the
'Da Vinci Code'
2  Christ's Work TWO
Early Sunday 
16, April 9  
The Resurrection of JESUS and other believers in Jerusalem area with an earthquake, and appear to many (Matthew 27:53).
In this one act of God spiritual rebirth (regeneration) is imparted to the spirits of all believers everywhere (Eph.2:5-6).
"...He shall see His offspring; He shall prolong His days; the will of the LORD shall prosper in His hand."
Isaiah 53:10b
Note: The disillusioned, depressed, defeated disciples, without a change in their circumstances, are radically changed into happy, bold believers. This is the real proof of Christ's resurrection.
The Lord JESUS Himself appears to:
Mary of Magdala, and then to the other women (John 20:1417; Matthew 28:9);
The apostle Peter/Kephas (Luke 24:34, 1 Corinthians 15:5);
Cleopas/Alphaeus (father of Levi/Matthew and James) and his friend near Emmaus (Luke 24:13-32);
That evening – to ten of the Foundation Apostles, plus Matthias, Cleopas and others in the upper room.
He breathes upon this representative group and commissions them as the sole agents of His forgiveness (cf. Luke 24:33-36; John 20:21-23; Acts 1:22-23. Note: not just the apostles).
In the
Jerusalem Temple it is the Offering of the barley sheaf, as first fruit of the harvest.
Next Sunday Nisan 23, April 16
JESUS appears again in the upper room to His disciples, this time including Thomas (John 20:26-29).
JESUS' forty-days of intermittent appearances and teaching of His disciples (500 together at one time, 1 Corinthians 15:6), as He prepares them to act on His behalf after His coming absence, once they had received the Holy Spirit for ministry as He had.
"And Jesus came and said to them, 'All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to Me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name [singular] of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age'."
Matthew 28:18-20.

3  Christ's Work THREE
c.May 18 
The Ascension of JESUS from the Mount of Olives, to which He will return in the future.
And so His disciples –
"...returned to Jerusalem with great joy, and were continually in the temple blessing God." (Lk.24:52-53).
Matthias is chosen to replace the dead Judas Iscariot, among Christ's twelve apostles to the twelve tribes of Israel (being one of only two who meet the minimum qualification of being an eye-witness of the ministry of JESUS from His baptism until His ascension), as the approximately 120 disciples await the Baptism of the Spirit for their ministry to begin (Acts 1).
4  Christ's Work FOUR
c.May 28 Sunday
Pentecost (Shavuot) or Feast of Weeks (7×7+1=50 days after Passover) while in the Jerusalem Temple two loaves of bread from the barley harvest are offered in token thanksgiving.
The HOLY SPIRIT is given to all believers (i.e. Christ's own anointing, His human-relationship to the Spirit is given).
'What Happened at Pentecost?'
So, for Israel as a nation, the countdown for repentance now begins, in terms of Christ's prophecy over the city of Jerusalem.
Very sadly,
years later, ex-Pharisee SAUL of Tarsus, writes with profound sorrow of heart –
"...the Jews, who killed the Lord Jesus and the prophets and also drove us out. They displease God and are hostile to all men in their effort to keep us from speaking to the Gentiles so that they may be saved. In this way they always heap up their sins to the limit.
The wrath of God has come upon them fully."
(1 Thessalonians 2:14-16).
"I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my brothers, those of my own race, the people of Israel." (Romans 9:2-3).
"Lest you be wise in your own conceits, I want you to understand this mystery, brothers: a partial hardening has come upon Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in."
Romans 11:25
In Rome – Emperor TIBERIUS returns from Capri.
LUCIUS AELIUS SEJANUS, commander of the Roman Praetorian Guard is named as co-Consul to the Emperor Tiberius, but is THEN brought before the Senate, accused of plotting to overthrow the Emperor TIBERIUS, and executed October 18 (See 27 AD). NAEVIUS SUTORIUS MACRO Macro becomes Guard commander in his place
A financial crisis developes due to poorly chosen fiscal policies, land values plumme, and debt is increased. These actions lead to a lack of cash, a crisis of confidence, and much land speculation. The primary victims are senators, knights and the wealthy. Many aristocratic families are ruined, and Emperor TIBERIUS founds a credit bank.
In Palestine – A Jewish Sabbath Year for the land.
In Armenia – Romans intervene militarily.
In Europe – The original inhabitants of Dacia revolt against the Sarmatian tribe of Iazyges who had enslaved them.
In Jerusalem – Deacon STEPHEN is stoned to death by the Jewish religious leadership supported by SAUL of Tarsus in an unplanned violent reaction of the Jewish Sanhedrin (Acts 6:11-8:2).
Rabbi SAUL of Tarsus ravages the church in Jerusalem, almost emptying the city of its Christians, except the Twelve apostles (Acts 8:1-3).
SAUL leaves for Damascus to continue his pogrom there and bring the captives to Jerusalem (Acts .9:1).
In Damascus – Conversion of SAUL of Tarsus after his blinding by the Lord JESUS en route to that city (Acts 22:16).
In Parthia – TIRIDATES III becomes king.
In Syria Palestina – LUCIUS VITELLIUS becomes Roman governor.
PONTIUS PILATE is ordered to Rome by VITELLIUS to stand trial for cruelty and oppression, including the execution of persons without proper trial (some Samaritans).
VITELLIUS travels to Jerusalem to be there for the Jewish Passover, returns the High Priest's vestments to Jewish control, and replaces the high priest. (Source: Josephus).
• JONATHAN (son of ANNAS) becomes High Priest.
MARCELLUS becomes Roman governor of Judaea and Samaria.
partly by King HEROD ANTIPAS' divorce of his daughter, King ARETAS IV Philopatris of Damascus/Nabatea (who tried to arrest SAUL of Tarsus after his conversion, for his provocative preaching, 2 Corinthians 11:32-33, cf Acts 9:23-24) defeats HEROD ANTIPAS (who had killed John the Baptist) in battle inflicting heavy losses.
According to Josephus, the Jews believe that HEROD's defeat is God's punishment for his killing of John the Baptist (Antiquities 18.5.2).
Roman Emperor TIBERIUS orders his governor of Syria, VITELLIUS, to capture or kill Aretas, but he is reluctant to support Herod and abandons his campaign upon Tiberius' death in 37 AD.
Herod's army destroyed

See: very useful digital map of the ancient Roman world
Israel's Right to Canaan/Palestine The Victim Mentality Cycle

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