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Illustrating pre-Christian Jewish expectations, this Qumran text from Cave Four of five Biblical quotations is arranged in four sections
concerning God's activities at the end-time. Only the last section is followed by an interpretation.
The first three sections refer to future blessings which will come from three figures,
a prophet similar to Moses, a messianic figure and a priestly teacher.
Qumran Cave 4 Messianic Proof-texts
The first two quotations refer to the raising up of a prophet like Moses.
The third quotation refers to a royal Messiah, the fourth to a priestly Messiah.
The quotation from Joshua is connected to the coming of a time of great disaster, brought on by those dedicated to evil.
The manuscript is usually dated to the middle of the first century BC/BCE.
 

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