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The Leaders of Ancient Israel
– Including judges, kings, priests and prophets –
Still
under
construction
LEADERS It was never God's intention, when this nation of Israel was created at Sinai from Abraham's descendants through Jacob in terms of their Covenant with God, that a royal dynasty should rule this nation (Deut.17; 1 Sam.8:7). In addition, God's Law set up a situation to prevent the separate tribal territories merging into one with the consequent natural rise of nationalism (Num.36:7-9).  
Moses,
Joshua
The Tabernacle of God was to have been their national centre,
where the priests of Aaron's Order offered sacrifice on behalf of the people
and taught the Law of their Lord to the people (Deut.17:9-13).
  HIGH PRIEST LINEAGE
Aaron
Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, But ... Eleazar  
Deborah, Gideon, Abimelech,
Tola, Jair, Jephthah, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon, Samson

Samuel
('faithful priest').
Saul
son of Kish
(Eli) Phineas
Abishua
Bukki
Uzzi
Zerahiah
Meraioth
Amariah
Azariah
 
Ishbosheth
son of Saul
over all tribes, except Judah, for 2 years
David
son of Jesse
over Judah for 7½ years
'There was a long war between the House of Saul and the House of David' (2 Sam.3:1).
Ahijah

Ahimelech
Ahitub
Nathan, Gad
David
son of Jesse
rules over all Israel for 33 years
Abiathar
(Eli's line ends)
Zadok
(2 Sam.15:27)
Ahimaaz
Azariah
 
Solomon
son of David & Bathsheba
Azariah
Johanan
Azariah
Jeroboam I
son of Nebat & Zeruah
Rehoboam
son of Solomon & Naamah the Ammonite
Amariah
Nadab
son of Jeroboam &
Abijah/Abijam
son of Rehoboam & Maacah/Micaiah, daughter of Absolom/Abishalom/Uriel
Ahitub
Basha
son of Ahijah &
Asa
Azariah son of Oded (2 Chron.15:1)
Zadok
Elah
son of Baasha & 
 
Shallum
Omri
son of 
Jehoshaphat
son of Asa & Azuba, daughter of Shilhi
Amariah
Hilkiah
Ahab
son of Omri & 
Elijah
Ahaziah
son of Ahab & Jezebel
Micaiah
Eliezer
Jehu son of Hanani
Azariah

Seraiah
Jehoram/Joram
son of Ahab & Jezebel
Jehoram
son of Jehoshaphat & 
Elisha
Jehu
Jehoahaz/Ahaziah
son of Jehoram & Athaliah daughter of Ahab
Jehoiada
 
Jehoahaz
son of Jehu
Joash/Jehoash
son of Ahaziah & Zibiah of Beersheba,
on his childhood survival hinged the survival of the Davidic Dynasty and fulfillment of it's messianic prophecies. (rescued by Jehoshabeath, daughter of Jehoram and wife of High Priest Jehoiada).
Assassinated by palace officials Jozacar and Jehozabad (2 Kg.12:21).
Azariah
   
Joash/Jehoash
son of Jehoahaz
Amaziah
son of Joash & Jehoaddin of Jerusalem
Later, executes the assassins
Flees to Lachish but is assassinated there.
Jeroboam II
son of Joash & 
Jonah
Azariah/Uzziah
son of Amaziah & Jecoliah of Jerusalem,
married Jerusha (daughter of Zadok).
Azariah
(2 Chron.26:17-20)
 
Zechariah
son of Jeroboam & 
assassinated by Shallum
A leper living in quarantine until his death
Jotham his son acts as regent.
Shallum
son of Jabesh & 
Jotham
son of Azariah & Jerusha, daughter of Zadok
his kingdom begins to be raided by Pekah of Israel & Rezin of Syria
Menahem
son of Gadi & 
committed atrocity at Tiphsah
buys off Assyrian invaders
Ahaz
son of Jotham & 
sacrifices his son as an offering (2 Kg.16:3).
Pekah of Israel & Rezin of Syria invade Judah & besiege Jerusalem
Edomites supplant Judah at Elath on the Red Sea gulf of Aqaba
Isaiah, his wife, and their sign-child son
Uriah
 
Pekahiah
son of Menahem & 
assassinated by Pekah
Temple treasure used to bribe the Assyrians to attack Syria.
Pekah
son of Remaliah
Assyria invades and deports
assassinated by Hoshea
Oded
(2 Chron.28:9)
Hezekiah
son of Ahaz & Abi, daughter of Zechariah
in his sixth year Israel is deported
in his 14th year Sennacherib of Assyria invades Judah
Hezekiah at death's door is given another 15 years.
Isaiah
Azariah
(2 Chron.31:10)
Hoshea
son of Elah &
child sacrifice continues
Manasseh
son of Hezekiah & Hephzibah
Shalmaneser of Assyria invades
and deports the population Assyria imports a new population.
Amon
son of Manasseh &
Josiah
son of Amon &
Huldah
Jeremiah
Hilkiah
 
Jehoahaz
son of Josiah &
Jehoiakim
born Eliakim, son of Josiah & Zebidah the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah
Jehoiachin
son of 
Maaseiah
 
Zedekiah
son of 
Jeremiah taken to Egypt
Pashur
Jehoiada
Seraiah
Jehozadak
(1Ch 6:3-15).
       
Zerubabel

John Hyrcanus

Alexander Jannaeus

Herod the Great

Herod Archelaus

Herod Agrippa
Uriah





Eliashib
'Now after these things,
in the reign of Artaxerxes king of Persia:

Aaron,
Eleazar,
Phinehas,
Abishua,
Bukki,
Uzzi,
Zerahiah,
Meraioth,
Azariah,
Amariah,
Ahitub,
Zadok,
Shallum,
Hilkiah,
Azariah,
Seraiah,
Ezra
(Ez.7:1-5).

Annas
Caiaphas

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