Some Jewish False Messiahs
|AD/CE||114||Lukuas-Andreas in Cyrene, north Africa.|
|115||In Egypt – False Jewish messiah Lukuas-Andreas burns the city of Alexandria.|
|130||Simeon Bar-Koseba in Judaea. He sees a 'new' star, changes his name to Bar-Kokhba ('son of a star'), and claims Messiahship.|
|131||Chief Rabbi Akiba Ben Yosef (c.50–c.135 AD/CE, and described later in the Jewish Talmud as "Rosh la-Chachamim"/Head of all the Sages) now declaresSimeon Bar-Koseba to be the promised Messiah of Israel (Yer. Ta'anit, iv.68d) and calls him Bar-Cochba ("Son of a Star" from Numbers 24:17), thus inciting popular support and so helping to lead the Jewish people to their destruction.||See also:
Jerusalem Talmud, Ta'anit 4:8.
|c.450||In Crete – False Messiah Moses (Fiskis) of Crete persuades the Jewish community on the island to leave their possessions and follow him into the sea in a march toward Palestine for it would open as the Red Sea had done. Many drown.|
|1523||David Reuveni (Reubeni) arrives in Jerusalem as Israel's end-time Messiah, after its surrender to the Ottoman empire (known for its friendliness to Jews), precipitating a change in the special Jewish prayer place from the Mount of Olives and Gates of Temple Mount to the Western (Wailing) Wall (Hebrew Kotel, Arabic Buraq).|
|1529||Solomon Molkho, prophesies that Israel's messianic kingdom will come in 1540.|
Hayyim (Chaim) Vital –
|1648||Rabbi Shabbetai Zevi of Smyrna declares this year as Israel's Redemption.|
|1665||Shabbetai Zevi is proclaimed as messiah by Nathan Ashkenazi.|
|1666||Shabbetai Zevi converts to Islam with many of his Jewish followers.|
|1759||Jacob Frank, former disciple of Shabbetaism, declares himself the incarnation of divinity, successor of Shabbetai Zevi, and advocates outward adherence to Catholicism while secretly believing in a nihilistic version of Judaism.|
|to be||continued . . .|
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