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The Genesis Prologue

Tablet Two Text
WITH SUMMARY COMMENTARY
– subject to continuing refinement –
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COMMENTARY
2:4  
These are the generations of the sky and the land when they were created,
in the day that the LORD God had made the land and the sky.
Oral transmission mnemonic 2
2:5   When no bush of the field was yet in the land and no small plant of the field had yet sprung up – for the LORD God had not caused it to rain on the land, and there was no man to work the ground, Close-up replay
of human origins
2:6      and a mist was going up from the land and was watering the whole face of the ground –  
2:7      then the LORD God formed the man of dust from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living creature.  
2:8   And the LORD God had planted a garden in Eden, in the east, and there he put the man whom he had formed.  
2:9  
And out of the ground the LORD God made to spring up every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food.
The tree of life was in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
 
2:10   A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and there it divided and became four rivers. See: Rivers from Eden
2:11   The name of the first is the Pishon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold.  
2:12   And the gold of that land is good; bdellium and onyx stone are there.  
2:13   The name of the second river is the Gihon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Cush.
(Not Ethiopia). East of the Caspian Sea, known as Kush/Cush, referred to in ancient Parthian/Persian as the Kušanxšaθr.
2:14   And the name of the third river is the Tigris, which flows east of Assyria.
And the fourth river is the Euphrates.
2:15   The LORD God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and keep it.  
2:16  
And the LORD God commanded the man, saying,
'You may surely eat of every tree of the garden,
 
2:17  
but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.'
 
2:18  
Then the LORD God said,
'It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper fit for him.'
 
2:19   Now out of the ground the LORD God had formed every beast of the field and every bird of the sky and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. And whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name.  
2:20  
The man gave names to all livestock and to the birds of the sky and to every beast of the field.
But for Adam there was not found a helper fit for him.
 
2:21   So the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and while he slept took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh.  
2:22   And the rib that the LORD God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man.  
2:23   Then the man said,  
   
'This at last is bone of my bones
and flesh of my flesh;
she shall be called Woman,
because she was taken out of Man.'
Oral transmission mnemonic 3
in poetic rhythm as passed on before writing was invented so no word would be lost.
2:24   Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.  
2:25   And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed.  
3:1   Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the LORD God had made.
He said to the woman, 'Did God actually say, 'You shall not eat of any tree in the garden'?'
 
3:2   And the woman said to the serpent, 'We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden,  
3:3      but God said, 'You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden, neither shall you touch it, lest you die'.'  
3:4   But the serpent said to the woman, 'You will not surely die.  
3:5   For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.'  
3:6   So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate.  
3:7   Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths.  
3:8   And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden.  
3:9   But the LORD God called to the man and said to him, 'Where are you?'  
3:10   And he said, 'I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself.'  
3:11   He said, 'Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten of the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?'  
3:12   The man said, 'The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit of the tree, and I ate.'  
3:13  
Then the LORD God said to the woman, 'What is this that you have done?'
The woman said, "The serpent deceived me, and I ate.'
 
3:14   The LORD God said to the serpent,  
   
'Because you have done this,
cursed are you above all livestock
and above all beasts of the field;
on your belly you shall go,
and dust you shall eat
all the days of your life.
Oral transmission mnemonic 4
The ancient Egyptian
Book of the Dead
reflects a memory of this,
saying in a hymn to Rã,
of the serpent fiend Sebau
"his legs hath Rã hacked off from him"
(Papyrus of Ani, British Museum
No.10,470, sheet 1)
3:15  
I will put enmity between you and the woman,
and between your offspring and her offspring;
he shall bruise your head,
and you shall bruise his heel.'
 
3:16   To the woman He said,  
   
'I will surely multiply your pain in childbearing;
in pain you shall bring forth children.
Your desire shall be for your husband,
and he shall rule over you.'
Oral transmission mnemonic 5
3:17   And to Adam He said,  
   
'Because you have listened to the voice of your wife
and have eaten of the tree
of which I commanded you,
'You shall not eat of it,'
cursed is the ground because of you;
in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life;
Oral transmission mnemonic 6
3:18  
   thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you;
and you shall eat the plants of the field.
 
3:19  
By the sweat of your face
you shall eat bread,
till you return to the ground,
for out of it you were taken;
for you are dust,
and to dust you shall return.'
 
       
3:20   The man called his wife's name Eve, because she was the mother of all living.
Naming her 'Eve'
by faith in God's promise of 3:15,
before any child is born
3:21   And the LORD God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skins and clothed them.
3:22  
Then the LORD God said, 'Behold, the man has become like one of us in knowing good and evil.
Now, lest he reach out his hand and take also of the tree of life and eat, and live forever —'
3:23      therefore the LORD God sent him out from the garden of Eden to work the ground from which he was taken.  
3:24   He drove out the man, and at the east of the garden of Eden He placed the cherubim and a flaming sword that turned every way to guard the way to the tree of life.  
4:1   Now Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore Cain, saying, 'I have gotten a man with the help of the LORD.'  
4:2   And again, she bore his brother Abel. Now Abel was a keeper of sheep, and Cain a worker of the ground.  
4:3   In the course of time Cain brought to the LORD an offering of the fruit of the ground,  
4:4      and Abel also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of their fat portions.
And the LORD had regard for Abel and his offering,
 
4:5      but for Cain and his offering He had no regard. So Cain was very angry, and his face fell.  
4:6  
   The LORD said to Cain,
'Why are you angry, and why has your face fallen?
 
4:7  
If you do well, will you not be accepted?
And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door.
Its desire is for you, but you must rule over it.'
'it' = firstborn sibling jealousy
4:8   Cain spoke to Abel his brother.
   And when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel and killed him.
 
4:9   Then the LORD said to Cain, 'Where is Abel your brother?'
   He said, 'I do not know; am I my brother's keeper?'
 
4:10  
   And the LORD said,
'What have you done?
The voice of your brother's blood is crying to Me from the ground.
 
4:11  
And now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.
 
4:12  
When you work the ground, it shall no longer yield to you its strength.
You shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth.'
 
4:13   Cain said to the LORD, 'My punishment is greater than I can bear.  
4:14  
Behold, You have driven me today away from the ground, and from Your face I shall be hidden.
I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me.'
 
4:15  
   Then the LORD said to him,
'Not so! If anyone kills Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold.'
   And the LORD put a mark on Cain, lest any who found him should attack him.
 
4:16   Then Cain went away from the presence of the LORD and settled in the land of Wandering, east of Eden. 'presence' = the Cherubim at the
gate-area of the Garden of God
4:17   Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and bore Enoch. When he built a city, he called the name of the city after the name of his son, Enoch.
4:18   To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad fathered Mehujael, and Mehujael fathered Methushael, and Methushael fathered Lamech.  
4:19   And Lamech took two wives. The name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.  
4:20   Adah bore Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock.  
4:21   His brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe.  
4:22   Zillah also bore Tubal-cain; he was the forger of all instruments of bronze and iron. The sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.  
4:23   Lamech said to his wives:  
   
'Adah and Zillah, hear my voice;
you wives of Lamech, listen to what I say:
I have killed a man for wounding me,
a young man for striking me.
Oral transmission mnemonic 7
4:24  
If Cain's revenge is sevenfold,
then Lamech's is seventy-sevenfold.'
 
4:25   And Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son and called his name Seth, for she said, 'God has appointed for me another offspring instead of Abel, for Cain killed him.'  
4:26   To Seth also a son was born, and he called his name Enosh. At that time people began to call upon the name of the LORD. ... to-pray to Him;
(not 'called-by', as per Calvin).
after 235-years (130+105)
from the beginning.
    APPARENT END OF THIS CLAY TABLET BEFORE ITS TRANSCRIPTION TO PAPYRUS ROLL COMBINED THEM

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