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The Genesis Prologue

Tablet Four Text
WITH SUMMARY COMMENTARY
– subject to continuing refinement –
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COMMENTARY
6:9  
These are the generations of Noah.
Noah was a righteous man, blameless in his generation. Noah walked with God.
 
6:10   And Noah had three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.  
6:11   Now the land was corrupt in God's sight, and the land was filled with violence.  
6:12   And God saw the land, and behold, it was corrupt, for all flesh had corrupted their way on the land.  
6:13  
And God said to Noah,
'I have determined to make an end of all flesh, for the land is filled with violence through them.
Behold, I will destroy them with the land.
 
6:14  
Make yourself an ark of gopher wood. Make rooms in the ark, and cover it inside and out with pitch.
 
6:15  
This is how you are to make it: the length of the ark 300 cubits, its breadth 50 cubits, and its height 30 cubits.
 
6:16  
Make a roof for the ark, and finish it to a cubit above, and set the door of the ark in its side. Make it with lower, second, and third decks.
 
6:17  
For behold, I will bring a flood of waters upon the land to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life under the sky.
Everything that is on the land shall die.
 
6:18  
But I will establish My covenant with you, and you shall come into the ark, you, your sons, your wife, and your sons' wives with you.
 
6:19  
And of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every sort into the ark to keep them alive with you.
They shall be male and female.
 
6:20  
Of the birds according to their kinds, and of the animals according to their kinds, of every creeping thing of the ground, according to its kind,
two of every sort shall come in to you to keep them alive.
 
6:21  
Also take with you every sort of food that is eaten, and store it up.
It shall serve as food for you and for them.'
 
6:22   Noah did this; he did all that God commanded him.  
7:1  
Then the LORD said to Noah,
'Go into the ark, you and all your household, for I have seen that you are righteous before Me in this generation.
 
7:2  
Take with you seven pairs of all clean animals, the male and his mate,
and a pair of the animals that are not clean, the male and his mate,
 
7:3  
and seven pairs of the birds of the sky also, male and female,
to keep their offspring alive on the face of all the land.
 
7:4  
For in seven days I will send rain on the land forty days and forty nights,
and every living thing that I have made I will blot out from the face of the ground.'
 
7:5   And Noah did all that the LORD had commanded him.  
7:6   Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters came upon the land.  
7:7   And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons' wives with him went into the ark to escape the waters of the flood.  
7:8   Of clean animals, and of animals that are not clean, and of birds, and of everything that creeps on the ground,  
7:9      two and two, male and female, went into the ark with Noah, as God had commanded Noah.  
7:10   And after seven days the waters of the flood came upon the land.  
7:11   In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the sky were opened.  
7:12   And rain fell upon the land forty days and forty nights.  
7:13   On the very same day Noah and his sons, Shem and Ham and Japheth, and Noah's wife and the three wives of his sons with them entered the ark,  
7:14      they and every beast, according to its kind, and all the livestock according to their kinds, and every creeping thing that creeps on the land, according to its kind, and every bird, according to its kind, every winged creature.  
7:15   They went into the ark with Noah, two and two of all flesh in which there was the breath of life.  
7:16  
And those that entered, male and female of all flesh, went in as God had commanded him.
And the LORD shut him in.
 
7:17   The flood continued forty days on the land. The waters increased and bore up the ark, and it rose high above the land.  
7:18   The waters prevailed and increased greatly on the land, and the ark floated on the face of the waters.  
7:19   And the waters prevailed so mightily on the land that all the high mountains under the whole sky were covered.  
7:20   The waters prevailed above the mountains, covering them fifteen cubits deep.  
7:21   And all flesh died that moved on the land, birds, livestock, beasts, all swarming creatures that swarm on the land, and all mankind.  
7:22   Everything on the dry land in whose nostrils was the breath of life died.  
7:23   He blotted out every living thing that was on the face of the ground, man and animals and creeping things and birds of the heavens. They were blotted out from the land. Only Noah was left, and those who were with him in the ark.  
7:24   And the waters prevailed on the land 150 days.  
8:1   But God remembered Noah and all the beasts and all the livestock that were with him in the ark.
And God made a wind blow over the land, and the waters subsided
.
 
8:2   The fountains of the deep and the windows of the heavens were closed, the rain from the heavens was restrained,  
8:3      and the waters receded from the land continually. At the end of 150 days the waters had abated,  
8:4      and in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat.  
8:5   And the waters continued to abate until the tenth month; in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, the tops of the mountains were seen.  
8:6   At the end of forty days Noah opened the window of the ark that he had made  
8:7      and sent forth a raven. It went to and fro until the waters were dried up from the land.  
8:8   Then he sent forth a dove from him, to see if the waters had subsided from the face of the ground.  
8:9   But the dove found no place to set her foot, and she returned to him to the ark, for the waters were still on the face of the whole land.
So he put out his hand and took her and brought her into the ark with him.
 
8:10   He waited another seven days, and again he sent forth the dove out of the ark.  
8:11  
And the dove came back to him in the evening, and behold, in her mouth was a freshly plucked olive leaf.
So Noah knew that the waters had subsided from the land.
 
8:12   Then he waited another seven days and sent forth the dove, and she did not return to him anymore.  
8:13  
In the six hundred and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried from off the land.
And Noah removed the covering of the ark and looked, and behold, the face of the ground was dry.
 
8:14   In the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, the land had dried out.  
8:15   Then God said to Noah,  
8:16  
'Go out from the ark, you and your wife, and your sons and your sons' wives with you.
 
8:17  
Bring out with you every living thing that is with you of all flesh
– birds and animals and every creeping thing that creeps on the land –
that they may swarm on the land, and be fruitful and multiply on the land.'
 
8:18   So Noah went out, and his sons and his wife and his sons' wives with him.  
8:19   Every beast, every creeping thing, and every bird, everything that moves on the land, went out by families from the ark.  
8:20   Then Noah built an altar to the LORD and took some of every clean animal and some of every clean bird and offered burnt offerings on the altar.  
8:21  
And when the LORD smelled the pleasing aroma, the LORD said in His heart,
'I will never again curse the ground because of man, for the intention of man's heart is evil from his youth.
Neither will I ever again strike down every living creature as I have done.
 
8:22  
While the land remains, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, day and night, shall not cease.'
 
9:1  
And God blessed Noah and his sons and said to them,
'Be fruitful and multiply and fill the land.
 
9:2  
The fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the land and upon every bird of the sky,
upon everything that creeps on the ground and all the fish of the sea.
Into your hand they are delivered.
 
9:3  
Every moving thing that lives shall be food for you.
And as I gave you the green plants, I give you everything.
 
9:4  
But you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood.
 
9:5  
And for your lifeblood I will require a reckoning:
from every beast I will require it and from man.
From his fellow man I will require a reckoning for the life of man.
 
9:6  
Whoever sheds the blood of man,
by man shall his blood be shed,
for God made man in His own image.
Oral transmission mnemonic 8
9:7  
And you, be fruitful and multiply, increase greatly on the land and multiply in it.'
 
9:8   Then God said to Noah and to his sons with him,  
9:9  
'Behold, I establish My covenant with you and your offspring after you,
 
9:10  
and with every living creature that is with you,
the birds, the livestock, and every beast of the land with you,
as many as came out of the ark; it is for every beast of the land.
 
9:11  
I establish My covenant with you, that never again shall all flesh be cut off by the waters of the flood,
and never again shall there be a flood to destroy the land.'
 
9:12  
And God said,
'This is the sign of the covenant that I make between Me and you and every living creature that is with you,
for all future generations:
 
9:13  
I have set My bow in the cloud, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between Me and the land.
 
9:14  
When I bring clouds over the land and the bow is seen in the clouds,
 
9:15  
I will remember My covenant that is between Me and you and every living creature of all flesh.
And the waters shall never again become a flood to destroy all flesh.
 
9:16  
When the bow is in the clouds, I will see it and remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is on the land.'
 
9:17  
God said to Noah,
'This is the sign of the covenant that I have established between Me and all flesh that is on the land.'
 
9:18   The sons of Noah who went forth from the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. (Ham was the father of Canaan.)  
9:19   These three were the sons of Noah, and from these the people of the whole land were dispersed.  
9:20   Noah began to be a man of the soil, and he planted a vineyard.  
9:21   He drank of the wine and became drunk and lay uncovered in his tent.  
9:22   And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father and told his two brothers outside.  
9:23   Then Shem and Japheth took a garment, laid it on both their shoulders, and walked backward and covered the nakedness of their father.
Their faces were turned backward, and they did not see their father's nakedness.
 
9:24   When Noah awoke from his wine and knew what his youngest son had done to him,  
9:25      he said,  
   
'Cursed be Canaan;
a servant of servants shall he be to his brothers.'
Oral transmission mnemonic 9
9:26   He also said,  
   
'Blessed be the LORD, the God of Shem;
and let Canaan be his servant.
Oral transmission mnemonic 10
9:27  
May God enlarge Japheth,
and let him dwell in the tents of Shem,
and let Canaan be his servant.'
 
9:28   After the flood Noah lived 350 years.  
9:29   All the days of Noah were 950 years, and he died.  
    APPARENT END OF THIS CLAY TABLET BEFORE ITS TRANSCRIPTION TO PAPYRUS ROLL COMBINED THEM.  

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