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The Foundation
  "For no one can lay a foundation other than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ."  
Unfortunately the high level of confusion of how Christ established His New Covenant requires many 'NO's of rebuttal.
The New Covenant, the basis of Christianity, does not begin in the beginning of its New Testament,
anymore than Israel's Old Covenant began with the creation of the world in Genesis chapter One.
1 Corinthians 3:11.
Yes, the New
Testament has its focus in Christ's New Covenant, but His New Covenant did not begin with Matthew's Gospel anymore than Israel's Sinai Covenant began in the book Genesis.
It is
unfortunately also quite commonly believed that the teachings of Jesus in the Gospels of our New Testament are part of this New Covenant, but this is not so!
Some have seen Christ's Sermon on the Mount in particular as the basis of God's New Covenant in Jesus.   This is not so!
came to Israel only in His public ministry, to its twelve tribes represented in the peoples living in the areas of Galilee, Judea, the Decapolis and Perea, for which reason He appointed a trainee leadership-team of twelve apostles, and, sending them out ahead of Himself, forbade them to minister to any other group –
"Go nowhere among the Gentiles and enter no town of the Samaritans..."
Matthew 10:5.
The content of Christ's public ministry was to Israel in terms of its Sinai Covenant with God as given in their Holy Scriptures, known to us today in general as the Old Testament. All His teaching takes this as its starting point in terms of its moral purpose and as the revelation of God to them as a nation. His continuing conflict with their most dedicated Bible teachers of the time, the Pharisees, specifically concerned their use and interpretation of these Scriptures.
Jesus often pointed to a coming future newness as represented in Himself (in His humanity), such as to the Samaritan woman, it did not come in His public ministry by teaching or by miracles.
            Jesus had said to her –
"Woman, believe Me, the hour [time] is coming
when neither on this mountain
[in Samaria] nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father.
You worship what you do not know; we
[the Jews] worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews.
But the hour is coming, and is now here
[beginning in His humanity],
when the true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and truth,
for the Father is seeking such people to worship Him.
God is spirit
[not confined to place], and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth."
John 4:21-24.
But the
the coming introduction of this newness, as described in our New Testament, required
"abolishing the [Sinai] law of commandments expressed in ordinances,
that He
[Christ] might create in Himself one new man in place of the two [Jew & Gentile], so making peace,
and might reconcile us both
to God in one body through the Cross"
Ephesians 2:15-16.
"abolishing" of the Sinai Law included its Ten Commandments, which had represented it on stone tablets in Israel's ark!
This abolition even included Christ's answer to His Jewish enquirer of which of its Ten Commandments was the most important –
"The most important is, 'Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.
And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.'

The second is this: 'You shall love your neighbour as yourself.' There is no other commandment greater than these"
Mark 12:29-31.
Hover the mouse pointer. 
statement is NOT a summary of Christian duty! This is simply the essence of Israel's Sinai-Covenant-obligation in terms of its commitment under Moses. As high a calling as this commandment is, it is still a commandment, an obligation, a duty, and therefore a basis of judgment against those who do not comply. This is bondage and condemnation, for there is no-one who does not at some time in some way fall short of this standard. This is NOT the New Covenant!
Hebrews reminds us that –
"[Jesus] is the mediator of a New Covenant, so that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance,
since a Death has occurred that redeems them from the transgressions committed under the first Covenant
Hebrews 9:15.
The Galatian Deception:  
After Paul and Barnabas' anointed traveling ministry to the cities of Galatia, these new Gentile believers became a target of Judaizing 'Christians' from Jerusalem. Our New Testament therefore carries Paul necessary heartfelt correction in his letter known as Galatians. In this inspired word he contrasts the Covenant of Sinai with the New Covenant in Christ symbolically showing their incompatibility in Abraham's two conceptions, one natural with Hagar, and one supernatural with Sarah –
"...these women are two covenants. One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery; she is Hagar. Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. But the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother. ...For freedom Christ has set us free; stand firm therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery."
Galatians 4:24-26, 5:1.
On the
Passover eve before His crucifixion, after their supper, Jesus said to those that believed in Him –
"This cup is the New Covenant in My Blood.
Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me
[concerning this New Covenant]"
1 Corinthians 11:25.
So this
New Covenant is not a new doctrinal definition!
            It is not an addition to Israel's Sinai Covenant!
                  It is not an extension of Sinai.
It is NEW!
  It is Jesus Himself as our Atonement.
The New Covenant is –
  Not in His incarnation
  Not in His lifestyle
  Not in His teaching.
It is His sacrifice and only
His sacrifice as
The Lamb of God!
But this New
Covenant in Christ is not based either on His life or on His teachings!
Jesus Himself said, He came in public ministry only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel (Matt.15:24); the Syro-Phoenician woman, the Samaritan woman, and the Samaritan leper being special exceptions.
Jesus lived and taught under the Old/Sinai Covenant, correcting perversions of it, and showing its true intent as a revelation of God.
But nothing in His life or in His public teaching is the basis of the New Covenant which began in Him.
Paul says that we were predestined to be conformed to the image of Christ (Rom.8:29), he is not saying that we should mimic the 'Jewish' lifestyle of Jesus! He is referring to our new character arising from the new nature implanted in every believer at their spiritual rebirth, because of Christ's atonement – the character of Christ Himself.
new nature in the heirs of the New Covenant is what Paul calls "Christ in you" (Col.1:27), and which John refers to as "God's seed abides in him" (1 Jn.3:8), concerning these born-again believers, the Christians, by the direct work of the Holy Spirit.
See: John 3:8.
It began
in Christ's atoning death and not before.
Ephesians 2:5.
It was inaugurated in His resurrection when God gave new life (spiritual rebirth/regeneration) to all that belong to Him, in every nation and place, as God knew them as individuals from before the foundation of the earth.
It is
in the person of Christ alone that we are new in this new Covenant relationship to God forever, where He now sits at the right-hand of the Father on our behalf.
He, Jesus in His person, is the foundation, the only foundation, for any personal relationship to God forever and there is no other.

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