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Daniel Chapter Nine
THE 'SEVENTY-WEEKS' PROPHECY OF THE ANGEL GABRIEL TO PROPHET DANIEL CONCERNING NATIONAL ISRAEL
The revelation given to Daniel in answer to his impassioned prayer and fasting for the full restoration of Israel, Jerusalem,
and its Temple, is catalytic to an understanding of Bible prophecy of what the Bible calls the 'end-time'.
A truth Christians need to understand in the face of so much false prediction, which makes a fool of God's people before a watching world.

Because the
prophet Jeremiah had long before predicted that Israel's Babylonian Exile would be 70-years (Jeremiah 29:10) and that, under the Persian empire, that time of restoration was approaching,
Daniel now pleads to God for Jerusalem and its temple's full restoration
"let Your anger and Your wrath turn away from Your city Jerusalem, Your holy hill,
because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers,
Jerusalem and Your people have become a byword among all who are around us.
Now therefore, O our God, listen to the prayer of Your servant and to his pleas for mercy, and for Your own sake,
O Lord, make Your face to shine upon Your sanctuary, which is desolate."
Daniel 9:16-17 ESV.
God's
answer via Gabriel is that to fulfil all for which Daniel had asked would take nothing less than seven times the seventy-years of Israel's exile, that is – 490-years.
 
 
To understand this most significant prophecy, which has been so variously interpreted, one needs to start with its promised end, its completed fulfilment. If this is understood (and many Jewish rabbis insist it was fulfilled in 70 AD/CE; see Cohen: Soncino Daniel) then it should not be too difficult to count back 490-years to its beginning, to authenticate it as the fulfilment meant/intended by Gabriel's words from God.
 
The
fulfilment of this prophecy is of a fully restored Israel, Jerusalem and its temple in every sense – as had been originally intended for Israel by God in His blessings upon that elect nation. Gabriel describes this as –
"Seventy weeks [sevens] are decreed about your people [Israel] and your holy city [Jerusalem],
to finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity,
to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal
[confirm] both vision and prophet,
and to anoint
[consecrate] a most holy place [the Temple]"
Daniel 9:24 ESV.
This could mean nothing less than the final inauguration of Israel's anticipated messianic era/kingdom centred on Jerusalem, which Christians rightfully associate with the return of Christ Jesus Himself.
 
Playing with numbers of years to try and match them to this prophecy, as many have done and still do, is at very least futile if the end-point of these 490-years is not the fulfilment of what is here described.
  If it hasn't happened — it hasn't happened!  
The
Roman destruction of Jerusalem and its temple in 70 AD/CE did not see anything of what Gabriel described, and a little thought would also make us aware that then 1942-years later it has still not been fulfilled!
Why?
 
 
A closer look at these words of Gabriel show us an un-named key person
"And after the sixty-two weeks [that is 62X7(434)-years after the 49th = 483],
an Anointed one shall be cut off and shall have nothing"
 
In
this context, 'anointed' can only mean a person in spiritually-recognised service to God.
 
 
One such anointed person, a 'prince' (נגד / nâgid), is mentioned in this prophecy (9:25) as coming near the beginning of its 490-year period after only 49-years (7x7), which, after the ending of Israel's monarchy in its Exile, could only mean the High Priest of that nation.
 
But
Inadequate translation has helped confusion and growth of the wrong interpretation that this is a new covenant with Antichrist. The word גּבר/gâbar is not an adjective describing 'covenant'! It describes the action not the covenant. In other words, it describes a person strengthening/confirming an existing covenant, i.e. God's covenant with Israel.
This Jesus did!
the 'anointed' who comes so much later, 434-years later (62x7), is described as He who is to be "cut off and shall have nothing" (9:26), and the prophecy then, after describing that future (second) destruction of Jerusalem and its temple, concludes with someone "confirming covenant" with many (not 'making') for seven-years and after half of that time (3½-years later) causing the sacrifice and offering (of the temple) to cease, without describing in any way how Daniel's petition is then fulfilled.
The Lamb of God Atonement ended forever the validity of all other blood sacrifice for sin. (Heb.10:12-13). Therefore, no Millennial temple!
Daniel's Jerusalem temple (often called the First Temple) had been destroyed in 586 BC/BCE at the time of Israel's Exile.
The second destruction of Jerusalem's temple (often called the Second Temple), as prophesied here by Gabriel to Daniel (9:26), took place in 70 AD/CE. This is the temple in which Jesus Christ had taught and healed, and whose priesthood had arranged His arrest and execution in public crucifixion. He was "cut off" after 3½-years of His ministry to Israel in anointed confirmation of God's Word previously given to them by God in holy "covenant".
 
So a little thoughtfulness, without another agenda, will make it clear that
this prophecy of Gabriel concerning Daniel's city and temple is still not yet fulfilled.
 
How could that be, after all this time? The clue is in the prophecy itself.
 
 
That last 'week' of 7-years is split in its "middle" (חצי / chêtsı̂y, 9:27) or 'half', of which Daniel was necessarily completely unaware.
 
Yet
this separation of the latter 'half' of the last seven years is confirmed by the special warning of the angel to Daniel in the last chapter of his book about an end-time-trouble for God's people of "a time, times, and half a time" (12:7) or 'a year, duo-years, and a half-year', that is 3½-years, completing the last seven of these 490-years. It is the time referred to in the last book of Holy Scripture as the 1260-days (Rev.11:3;12:6).
3½-years/
42-months/
1260-days.
That split is the least understood aspect of Bible prophecy
and could be referred to as 'The Hidden Time', for a very good reason  —  and we live in it now!
The future
is coming!
 
A comparison of some translations of Daniel 9:27 concerning this Covenant is useful to help understanding.  
 
Hebrew text: ... ... והגביר ברית לרבים
Jewish Septuagint:
(Pre-Christian)
Brenton Translation
And one week shall establish the covenant with many:
and in the midst of the week my sacrifice and drink-offering shall be taken away:
and on the temple shall be the abomination of desolations;
and at the end of time an end shall be put to the desolation.
Bishops Bible: He shall confirme the couenaunt with many for one weeke,
and in the midst of the weeke he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to ceasse,
and for the ouerspreading of the abhominations, he shal make it desolate,
[euen] vntil the consummation determined shalbe powred vpon the desolate.
1587 Geneva Version: And he shal confirme the couenant with many for one weeke:
and in the middes of the weeke he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease,
and for the ouerspreading of the abominations, he shall make it desolate,
euen vntill the consummation determined shalbe powred vpon the desolate.
1899 Douay-Rheims: And he shall confirm the covenant with many, in one week:
and in the half of the week the victim and the sacrifice shall fail:
and there shall be in the temple the abomination of desolation:
and the desolation shall continue even to the consummation, and to the end.
Literal Translation: And he shall confirm a covenant with the many for one week.
And in the middle of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the offering to cease.
And on a corner of the altar will be abominations that desolate, even until the end.
And that which was decreed shall pour out on the desolator.
Jesus the Christ,
the Confirmer of
the Covenant
,
for 3½-years past
(His crucifixion
ended the Sinai
Covenant)
and will be for
3½-years ahead
through His
completed
spiritual Body!
(fulfilling the
Abrahamic
Covenant)
Tribulation and Antichrist A Biblical Structure of History 7-fold Invitation to Obedience Evangelism and Christ's Return
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